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Famous India > Dances >Bhangra
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The Dance

The celebration of Harvest and the Baisakhi Festival begans with the dance steps known as Bhangra. This tradition has been followed since 1947 - the year when India became Independent.

Its a fusion of dance, music and and the Dhol. The songs sung in it are in the form of couplets called the Bolis. The steps taken in the dance are in rythmn with these bolis. As per the history this dance begun either in the Alexander Regime or in the 14th or 15th century when the farmers used to dance and sing to pass their time at the time of harvest. Thus the story of the Bhangra beguns.

Bhangra songs are mainly about the history of Punjab. As the time passed, bhangra baecame a part of all the major festivals and dances of Punjab. From here came the alterations in the songs and dance of Bhangra. And so Bhangra became a part of Punjabi Culture. Jhumar, Luddi, Giddha, Julli, Daankara, Dhamal, Saami, Kikli, and Gatka - all are various forms of Bhangra which developed later on.

Facets Of Bhangra:
Bhangra Dance
Lyrics of Bhangra
Bhangra Lyrics cover social issues like love, relationships, marraiges, alcohol. These also include Punjabi Independence Heroes like Bhagat Singh. A high, energetic voice is there while singing the couplets with lots of pomp and show. Dance is the main aspect of Bhangra rather than the Music.

Bhangra Dancer Costume
Costume of Bhangra Dancers
Men wrap a four to six meter long Chadra or a silken cloth around the wrist along the coat and the headgear. Long shirts known as Kurtas are also worn. Women on the other hand wear a Ghagra - a long skirt. Dupattas - the colorful veils are also worn by the women.

Bhangra  Dancer
The Dance Form of Bhangra

Garba dance is the one which hails from Saurashtra - one part out of the four parts of Gujarat. Garba songs are in praise of the Goddess Amba describing her Strenth, power and her beauty. Social Themes and seasons also make a part of the Garba Songs. Damru, Tabla, Nagara, pot drum, percussion, Ektaro, Ravan hattho, Jantar, Pavo, shehani, murli, turi, and taturi are the musical instruments used in Garba Dance.

Sukhshinder Shinda, Inderjit Nikku, Jagmohan Kaur , Jasbir Jassi and Jassi Premi Jas are some of the well known Bhangra Dancers.

Musical Instruments in Bhangra
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