Lord Shiva has been positioned as the greatest Meditator of all. Most of
the statues of Lord Shiva can be found sitting in the position of
Meditation. In different cultures various names have been given to the same
form of Meditation. In Hinduism it is known as Dhyana; in
as Shamatha and Vipassana;
in Christianity as Adoration; in Islam as Tadabbur or Sufi Meditation; in
Jainism as Samayika; in Judaism as Merkabah; in Sikhism as Nam Japo or
Simran; in Taoism as Tai Chi Chaun and in Bahai Faith as Meditation itself.
So every religion in the World practices meditation - though the way they
are practised may be varied. Meditation is a form of self discipline where
every human being focuses on one subject - God and sways away from every
other form of distraction. The focusing subject can change but it should not
be attached to the person who is practising meditation.
There are two main kind of Mediations - Concentration and Mindfulness. In
Concentration Meditation the person is religiously inclined towards a Guru
or a God of his faith. Whereas in Mindfulness Meditation the meditator sits
comfortably, by focusing attention on an object or a process. In both the
thoughts are not of personal being till the time person is in meditation.
Method of Meditation
Meditation is practiced by a number of religions still it has altogether
the same positions. The various postures are spine, hand, eyes, focus,
crossed legged sitting. As per the ancient scriptures the spine should be
straight, the right hand should be atop the left hand, eyes are to be closed
the legs should be crossed to make a perfect Meditation Position.
However there are certain changes in each Dharma/ Religion
Like the Brahma Kumaris keep their eyes open while meditating; in some sects
of zen eyes are half open and half closed; in Sufism mediation with closed
eyes is called Varood and with open eyes is called Shahood. In some of the
Meditational forms, the meditator may sit on a chair while in some the
person has to sit on the ground - as in Christianity; in Buddhism there has
to be a walk of mindfulness and as in Jainism
one has to walk barefoot.
Some of the Meditation forms also concentrate on breathing patterns or
emotional states. As one sits in the meditation mudra; one has to take
longer breaths till he is lost in meditation. It is known as focussing on
breath as practised in Orthodox Christianity. So meditation has it various
As per the medics appropriate Meditation helps in relaxation of tense
muscles; good concentration; good in generating logical thoughts and
provides a insight to the person by generating a self observing attitude.