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Rabindranath Tagore

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Rabindranath Tagore : The Nobel Laureate

Greatest writer in modern Indian literature, Bengali poet, novelist, educator, and an early advocate of Independence for India is the introduction to Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore was born in Calcutta into a wealthy and prominent Brahman family.

Tagore received his early education first from tutors and then at a variety of schools. Among them were Bengal Academy where he studied history and culture. At University College, London, he studied law but left after a year.

He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913. Two years later he was awarded the knighthood, but he surrendered it in 1919 as a protest against the Massacre of Amritsar, where British troops killed some 400 Indian demonstrators. Tagore's influence over Gandhi and the founders of modern India was enormous, but his reputation in the West as a mystic has perhaps mislead his Western readers to ignore his role as a reformer and critic of colonialism.


Rabindranath Tagore
The Literary Journey
Tagore was the first Indian to bring an element of psychological realism to his novels. Among his early major prose works are CHOCHER BALI (1903, Eyesore) and NASHTANIR (1901, The Broken Nest), published first serially. Between 1891 and 1895 he published forty-four short stories in Bengali periodical, most of them in the monthly journal Sadhana
Rabindranath Tagore
In 1901 Tagore founded a school outside Calcutta, Visva-Bharati, which was dedicated to emerging Western and Indian philosophy and education. It become a university in 1921. He produced poems, novels, stories, a history of India, textbooks, and treatises on pedagogy. Much of Tagore's ideology come from the teaching of the Upahishads and from his own beliefs that God can be found through personal purity and service to others.


Rabindranath TagoreTagore wrote his most important works in Bengali, but he often translated his poems into English. At the age of 70 Tagore took up painting. He was also a composer, settings hundreds of poems to music. Many of his poems are actually songs, and inseparable from their music. Tagore's 'Our Golden Bengal' became the national anthem of Bangladesh

Feather in the Cap
» PRABHAT SANGEET, 1883 - Morning Songs
» BAU-THAKURANIR HAT, 1883
» RAJASHI
» GITANJALI, 1912
» CHOCHER BALI, 1903 - Eyesore
» KABIKAHINI, 1878 - A Poet's Tale

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