first film Pather Panchali was three years in the making - years of
unceasing finance struggle. It was ultimately completed with the help of
the West Bengal Government. The first film of a trilogy - The Apu
Trilogy - a three-part tale of a boy's life from birth through manhood.
The other two films of this trilogy are Aparajito (The Unvanquished,
1956) and Apur Sansar (The World of Apu, 1959).
His later films include Jalsaghar (The Music Room, 1958), Devi (The
Goddess, 1960), Teen Kanya (Two Daughters, 1961), Charulata (The Lonely
Wife, 1964), Nayak (The Hero, 1966), Asani Sanket (Distant Thunder,
1973), Shatranj Ke Khilari (The Chess Players, 1977), Ghare Baire (The
Home and the World, 1984), Ganashatru (An Enemy Of The People, 1989) and
Shakha Prashakha (Branches Of The Tree, 1991). Agantuk (The Stranger,
1991) was his last film.
In the 1980s Ray had to stop making films for close to five years due
to ill-health but late in 1988 he returned to film making.
Feather in the Cap
In 1955, he finished his first film, Pather Panchali, which won him an
award at the Cannes Film Festival and established him as a
internationally renowned director.
In 1978, the organising committee of the Berlin Film Festival ranked
him as one of the three all-time best directors.
In March 1992, a month before his death, Ray was awarded the Oscar for
Lifetime Achievement by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Other honours bestowed upon Ray include "Lègion d'Honneur",
France and "Bharatratna" (Jewel of India), India.