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Famous India > Religion > Jainism
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Jainism is one of the oldest living faiths of India and worldwide. Jainism believes and preaches on conquering of self eternal enemies that is Attachment (Raghav) and Aversion (Dvesha). Jainism is a belief indigenous to India. It works on self realization and salvation through right faith, right knowledge and right conduct. Jainism prescribes severe discipline, self control and renunciation. An orthodox Jain is not supposed to eat or drink anything that has life.

Jainism aims at eradicating the follies of a man - anger, vanity, greed, and deceit. The faith called Jainism prescribes to it followers a moral system which believes in non - injury, non - thieving, truthfulness, chastity and detachment from temptations

Thirthankaras are the people behind the birth of the clan called the Jainism. As per Jainism, this ideology flows with the thinking of Vedas - the Hindu Inscriptions. The School of thought of Jainism is based upon the stories of these Tirthankaras - the last Tirthankaras being in the 6th century, B.C. Mahavira is supposed to be the prophet of Jainism.

As per Jainism, a unit of cosmic time is called Kalchakra - Circle of Time which is divided into two parts - The Avasarpini (Descending) and the Utsarpini (Ascending). Both of them have six divisions called Arras. For Avasarpini these are - first (happy - happy), second - (happy), third - (happy - unhappy), fourth - (unhappy-happy), fifth ( unhappy) and sixth (unhappy - unhappy) arras. At the end of the sixth arra, the cycle reverses and then it is called the Utsarpini. And thus the process goes on endless and is known as AD INFINITUM.

Gomateshwara Karnataka
Fairs and Festivals
Panchakalyanakas, Oli (April & Oct), Pajjushana ( Aug & Sep), Parjjushana, Bhadrapada Shukla Panchami (Aug & Sep), Diwali ( Oct & Nov), Janna - Panchami (Oct or Nov) are the main Jain Festivals. These festivals give a insight of the Jainism Culture and Tradition.

Jainism Book
Jainism Scriptures
Sastra Dana (Gift of Books), Sastra Bhandaras, Agama, Vasudevahindi, Brihatkatha, Angavija are some of the most famous scriptures of Jainism. To know Jainism a reading of these books is a must. The inside death of the Culture of Jainism can be known through these books.

Jain TempleCustoms of Jainism :

There are two main Customs of Jainism :

Entering into Religion : In Jainism, it is upto an Individual to take the guided path of a guru. If a Jain is Devout or revers a particular Guru/ Teacher, he can become a member of the that Guru by performing the Samana Ceremony which is done especially for this purpose.

Marriage : Jain Marriages are simple ones - without the pomp and show. The partners are selected by the parents by means of matching the horoscope. In the Marriage, the hands of both the partners are tied together with a string in front of the God Fire. Then some vows are exchanged in front of a monk and thus the marriage is solmenised.

Places of Pilgrimage

Mount Parsarvnath - Situated in Hazari Bagh District of Jharkhand, this place has unequalled sanctity. It is the place where 20 of the 24 Thirthanakras left for their heavenly adobe and achieved Moksha. The mountains here lead to the peaceful Temples which are made in the memory of these Tirthanakras. The most beautiful of all of them is in the South East, having five fluted domes and an image in black Marble of the 23rd Tirthankara - Parsvanath who died in 1765 A.D.

Khajuraho - Situated near Jabalpur District in Madhya Pradesh, the Khajuraho Temples are world famous for their architecture and beauty. The Khajuraho temples comprise of Adinatha, Santinatha and Parshvanatha Temples besides the old and modern shrines. These also come under the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Halebid - Sixty four miles away from the Sravana Belgola are situated the famous Jain Temples of Halebid. The Parashvanatah, the largest and the most important of the three Tirthankaras was built in 1133 A.D. This Jain Temple has the Statue of Parashvanath containing 14 pillars. Its known for the beautiful architecture it has.

Not to be Missed

Dilwara Temple - Situated in Rajasthan in Mount Abu, the Dilwara Temples are a must see. Known for their architectural beauty, the two out of the five temples here are made out of pure marble at a height of more than twelve hundred mts above the sea level. Mount Abu is also one of the beautiful Hill Stations India has.

Our Suggestions
  • Jainism and its followers are the most peaceful clan found to date. The most Orthodox of them do not even believe in even killing an ant. So if you are meeting them pay do respect to the religion and its people.
  • Maintain silence as you enter a typical Jain Temple. These people usually maintain complete silence; so avoid talking while inside the temple. However, one can talk in the premises of the Temple.
  • Anything long and mostly covered is welcome as a dress in the Jain Temples. Skimply dressed people are usually not allowed inside; so be properly dressed when visiting a Jain Temple.
  • Jains are purely vegetarian with no exceptions. They even avoid eating anything which grows down earth like Onions and Carrots. So be prepared to have a simple food when you are visiting any Jain Home.
  • Try to have food in your own hotel or any of the good places suggested by your Guide. Avoid eating from road side nooks.
  • Cottons and Semi - Cottons are the best for all time Indian Seasons and Weather.
  • Keep your belongings with you. Do not disclose your Passport Details with strangers - even your guide.
  • Pre Book your Hotel Room and make Pre Reservations before travelling.
  • For Tours and further information, contact us.

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