Brahmaputra is the biggest of the Indian rivers, even bigger than the
Ganga. Brahmaputra is regarded as one of the great rivers of southern Asia
(1,800 mi) long. In Sanskrit, it means "son of Brahma".
The Brahmaputra River flows 2,900 km from its source in the Kailas range of
the Himalayas to its massive delta and the Bay of Bengal in
. It flows
through China, India, and Bangladesh, but its watershed includes
, and Burma as well.The
river drops steeply from high on the Tibetan Plateau through the world's
deepest valley (5,075m) into northeast India where the river eventually
merges with the Ganges and Meghna rivers to form the largest river delta in
the world (60,000km2). The plains watered by the stream yield abundant crops
of rice, jute, and mustard.
In the ancient Indian tradition, two rivers are known to originate from
Manasarovar Lake, in Mt. Kailas; one flowing to the east is called
Brahmaputra and the other flowing to the west was called Shatadru, a
tributary of the Sarasvati (joining the latter at Shatrana, Punjab) in
Rigvedic times. Both these major rivers, Brahmaputra and Sarasvati are
related to the God of creation, Brahma. The lower portion of the river is
sacred to Hindus.
The river's three names, the Brahmaputra (India), Yarlung Zangbo (Tibet),
and Jamuna (Bangladesh), reflect the social fabric of ethnic groups and
international communities living along its banks. The river is considered to
be a symbol of synthesis of people of all religions, castes and creeds.
The river Brahmaputra drains a vast
area of nearly 9,36,800 sq. kms. It is a river of immense importance and
navigable from the Bay of Bengal to Assam, a distance of nearly 1,280 kms.
It is a splendid waterway for commerce and travel.
After entering the hills of Assam Brahmaputra flows to Guwahati. Here lies
a very ancient place of pilgrimage, the temple of goddess Kamakhya on a
hill. The river then passes through Umananda Bhairab, with its granite
foundations rising from the lap of the river. The river then reaches
Pandughat, close to which lies the hill station of Shillong. The river flows
through various towns til it reaches Goalundo. It is here that the river
Ganga joins it to form the river Padma.The river then flows towards Calcutta
and then finally empties itself in the Bay of Bengal.