Sangam is the confluence of three of the holiest rivers in Hindu mythology
and the mythical
Saraswati. At the Sangam, the waters of the Ganges and the Yamuna can be
distinctly seen to merge into one. At Allahabad, the meeting point of the
rivers is believed to have great soul cleansing powers and is a major
pilgrimage site. It is even more holy because the invisible Saraswati river
is supposed to the join the Ganga and Yamuna at this point.
According to mythology, the gods and demons once churned the oceans to
retrieve a pitcher containing the nectar of immortality - amrit -- after
which a struggle ensued between the two to wrest control of this pitcher. It
is said that during the scuffle, a few drops of amrit were spilled at
places, making them hallowed and sacred. The waters at the Sangam are
believed to have received the amrit too and a dip in these holy waters
during the Kumbh is believed to cleanse and purify the soul.
Brahma is said to have called this spot Tirth Raj, or 'King of
Pilgrimage sites'. The holy confluence draws pilgrims at all times,
specially during the Kumbh Mela time when loyal pilgrims gather here to
offer their penances and seek blessings.
It is believed that it is at the Sangam, that a few drops of the nectar
'Amrit Bindu' fell making its waters truly spiritual and replete with
During the month of Magha (Mid Jan to Mid Feb) hundreds of thousands of
pilgrims come to the bath at this holy confluence for the
known as Magh Mela.
The most propitious time of all happens every 12
years when the massive Kumbh Mela takes place. At this time the Sangam
truly comes alive and attracts the devout/tourists from all over the
world. Millions of devotees bathe ritually in the waters to break the
eternal cycle of reincarnation.