Bodos are the true ethnic Tribal Community of Assam - the sub branch of the
Bodo - Kachari Clan. The Bodos are the largest among the Bodo - Kachari
Clan. They are also the most progressive. Bodos reside in the Brahamaputra
valley and are considered to be largest ethnic and linguistic group of
tribes. The Bodos speak Tibeto - Burmese language. Nowadays the
Bodos have accepted the Devnagari Language. Bodos have a language of their
own called Deodahi.
Earlier the Bodos were cut off from other parts of the Country due to their
geographical area and weather conditions. This lead to the their lack in
education and economy. This was one of the reasons of the arousal of the
Bodoland Movement. The movement took its wings in the late 80's
under the leadership of Upendra Nath Brahma who is now regarded as
the Father of Bodos. A Bodoland Territorial Council was formed to
save the Culture, language and identity of Bodos. It was headed by All Bodo
Students Union (ABSU) and an armed militant group called the Bodo Liberation
Tigers (BLT). Following the movement a settlement was reached between the
Government and the Bodos. A land was given to the Bodos which came to be
known as Bodoland.
In 2006, the former BLT members, formed an alliance with Indian National
Congress under the leadership of Hagrama Mohilary and came into power in
Dispur District Of Assam. Still in Assam, illegal immigrants occupy tribal
The Culture of Bodos
Bodos in their ancient years used to pray their forefathers. Today they
have changed significantly - they have accepted Hinduism as their main
religion. They practice a Culture known as Bathouism.
is taken for the worship as a symbol of Bathou Symbol.
For the worship, a clean ground near the home or the courtyard of the
home is taken. One pair of Betelnut called Goi betel leaf called pathwi
is used as offering. The offering includes rice, milk and sugar. For the
which also happens to be the most important of all
Pujas, an altar is placed in the rice field. The Bodos do not practice
dowry and caste system as per their rules of Brahma Dharma
The main work of Bodos is tea plantation, silk worm rearing, weaving,
pig and poultry farming. They are also good bamboo craftsman. The main
festivals of Bodos include Kherai - the colorful function which
includes, drumming, singing and dancing (Bagurumba) to the rythmn of the
drums. Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Awnkham Gwrlwi Janai, Bwisagu and Domashi
are the other important festivals. The main cuisines of the Bodos
include Narzi, Onla and Oma Bedor.