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Dimasa - Dim - Fisa - The Tribe From Assam

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This tribe from the North Eastern India, is a part of the greater Bodo - Kachari group. Dimasas live in the Jatinga Valley in the North Chhachar Hills of Assam.

Dimasas are supposed to be the aboriginals of the Brahmaputra Valley ascending from the Himalayas with their roots connection to the Great Hindu Epic Mahabharata. Dimasas have their seats in the city called Dimapur. Lying on the banks of the river Dhansiri , also known as the Brick City , was the ruling Capital of Kacharis - the prominent and powerful race of those times. Dimapur got its name from the Kachari word Di - meaning water, Ma - meaning - big and Pur - meaning City.

Apart from Madhya Pradesh, Gonds can be found in Chattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. They are the largest Tribe in India with four million people. They speak language related to Telgu and Dravidian language. The spoken languages are generalized as Gondi and Hindi. They practice agriculture growing cereals. Herding cattles is also a part of their livelihood.

The Dimasa Kacharis are distributed in different regions of Assam and Nagaland. The Dimasa Kacharis living in North Chachar Hills appear to have retained much of their traditional tribals more. However, those ones in the in Nagaon district of Assam, the influence of Assamese Culture is very apparent. The Dimasas living in Chachar Hills are highly influenced by the Bengali Culture.

Dimasas Way Of Life :
dance of dimasa
Dimasa Festival

Slow dancing with putting of steps forward and backward covering a half circle, dimasas look pretty happy in their semi - bright dresses. Slow music with thump of drums, are a mark of the Dimasa Festival.}

Dimasa Hut
The Home of Dimasa

Its the picture of a typical home of Dimasa. The homes are well groomed though not very large in size. Cleanliness is the main objective of any Dimasa House.

dimasa couple
The Culture of Dimasas

The Dimasas beleive that there is a Supreme Deity in the world called the Banglaraja. The Lord Banglaraja has seven sons who too are worshipped. Out of the seven sons, the eldest Sibrai is the most revered one. Apart from these seven deities, spirits of ill- will and good wills are also worshipped. Sakainjeek - the dreaded female spirits are the most feared ones. Madai - the invisible spirits are also the feared ones. Apart from these the Dimasas believe in Clans. They have both male and female Clans who have their own titulary deities.

Every year Dimasa Kachari family worships its diety before sowing paddy. This small festive is known as Madai Khelimba. For the people who die , Dimasas cremate them. The dead person is bathed with fresh water, draped in new bright clothes and placed inside the house for the last moments. The widow does not tie her hair till the body is cremated near the river side.

An important institution of the village is Hangsao. It is an association of unmarried boys and girls of the village. It is organized for the purpose of working together in cultivation and lasts only for one year. Round the year Hangsao s work together till a new group is formed the next year.

They also have festivals Bushu and Hangsao in which they play instruments ( no songs are sung) and dance in traditional forms wearing specific dress and jewellery. The males put on the traditional dresses like richa, rikaosa, paguri rimchau and rimchaoramai to perform the folk dances. The females put on Rigu, rijamfini, rijamfinaberen, rikaucha, rikhra, jingsudu etc. and wear ornaments like Kaudima, Khadu, Kamautai, Longbar, Panlaubar. Chandraral, Rongbarcha, Enggrasa, Jongsama, Ligjao, Jingbri.

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